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The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison opened in January 2002 as part of the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. Detainees captured in “The War on Terror” were transported to the prison. Close to 800 men from 48 countries have been held there since it opened. President Obama has pledged several times to close the center.
Terminology and acronym guide
- GTMO/Gitmo: Guantanamo Bay Naval Base; pronounced Gitmo
- ERF or IRF: Extreme Reaction Force or Initial reaction force – a type of small scale riot squad in U.S. military prisons. Guantanamo detainees allege that the unit also acts as a punishment squad.
- FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation
- JAG’s Corp: Judge Advocate General’s Corp is the legal branch of the military concerned with military justice and military law.
- NCIS: Naval Criminal Investigative Service
- CIA: Central Intelligence Agency
- Camp X-ray: A detention facility at Guantanamo Bay detention camp where the first detainees arrived.